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        作者: 来源:沪江论坛考研专区 时间:2020-06-05 18:16


        Section I Use of English
        Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C, and D on ANSWER SHEET 1 (10 points)
        By 1830 the former Spanish and Portuguese colonies had become independent nations. The roughly 20 million __1__ of these nations looked __2__ to the future. Born in the crisis of the old regime and Iberian Colonialism, many of the leaders of independence __3__ the ideas of representative government, careers __4__ to talent, freedom of commerce and trade, the __5__ to private property, and a belief in the individual as the basis of society, __6__ there was a belief that the new nations should be sovereign and independent states, large enough to be economically viable and integrated by a __7__ set of laws.
        On the issue of __8__ of religion and the position of the church,__9__ ,there was less agreement __10__ the leadership. Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one __11__ by the Spanish crown,__12__ most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism __13__ the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the __14__ of other faiths. The defense of the Church became a rallying __15__ for the conservative forces.

        The ideals of the early leaders of independence were often egalitarian, valuing equality of everything. Bolivar had received aid from Haiti and had __16__ in return to abolish slavery in the areas he liberated. By 1854 slavery had been abolished everywhere except Spain's __17__ colonies. Early promises to end Indian tribute and taxes on people of mixed origin came much __18__ because the new nations still needed the revenue such policies __19__ Egalitarian sentiments were often tempered by fears that the mass of the population was __20__ self-rule and democracy.

        1. [A] natives  [B] inhabitants  [C] peoples  [D] individuals
        2. [A] confusedly  [B] cheerfully  [C] worriedly  [D] hopefully
        3. [A] shared  [B] forgot  [C] attained  [D] rejected
        4. [A] related  [B] close  [C] open  [D] devoted
        5. [A] access  [B] succession  [C] right  [D] return
        6. [A] Presumably  [B] Incidentally  [C] Obviously  [D] Generally
        7. [A] unique  [B] common  [C] particular  [D] typical
        8. [A] freedom  [B] origin  [C] impact  [D] reform
        9. [A] therefore  [B] however  [C] indeed  [D] moreover
        10. [A] with  [B] about  [C] among  [D] by
        11. [A] allowed  [B] preached  [C] granted  [D] funded
        12. [A] Since  [B] If  [C] Unless  [D] While
        13. [A] as  [B] for  [C] under  [D] against
        14. [A] spread  [B] interference  [C] exclusion  [D] influence
        15. [A] support  [B] cry  [C] plea  [D] wish
        16. [A] urged  [B] intended  [C] expected  [D] promised
        17. [A] controlling  [B] former  [C] remaining  [D] original
        18. [A] slower  [B] faster  [C] easier  [D] tougher
        19. [A] created  [B] produced  [C] contributed  [D] preferred
        20. [A] puzzled by  [B] hostile to  [C] pessimistic about  [D] unprepared for