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            作者: 来源: 时间:2020-05-28 14:01


            Section I     Use of English


            Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

            In 1924 America's National Research Council sent two engineers to supervise a series of industrial experiments at a large telephone-parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago. It hoped they would learn how stop-floor lighting ___1___ workers' productivity. Instead, the studies ended ___2___ giving their name to the "Hawthorne effect", the extremely influential idea that the very ___3___ to being experimented upon changed subjects' behavior.

            The idea arose because of the behavior of the women in the ___4___ Hawthorne plant. According to ___5___ of the experiments, their hourly output rose when lighting was increased, but also when it was dimmed. It did not ___6___ what was done in the experiment; ___7___ something was changed, productivity rose. A(n) ___8___ that they were being experimented upon seemed to be ___9___ to alter workers' behavior ___10___ itself.

            After several decades, the same data were ___11___ to econometric the analysis. Hawthorne experiments has another surprise store ___12___ the descriptions on record, no systematic ___13___ was found that levels of productivity were related to changes in lighting.

            It turns out that peculiar way of conducting the experiments may be have let to ___14___interpretation of what happed. ___15___, lighting was always changed on a Sunday. When work started again on Monday, output ___16___ rose compared with the previous Saturday and ___17___ to rise for the next couple of days. ___18___, a comparison with data for weeks when there was no experimentation showed that output always went up on Monday, workers ___19___ to be diligent for the first few days of the week in any case, before ___20___ a plateau and then slackening off. This suggests that the alleged "Hawthorne effect" is hard to pin down.

            1. [A] affected  [B] achieved  [C] extracted [D] restored

            2. [A] at [B] up [C] with   [D] off

            3. [A] truth  [B] sight  [C] act    [D] proof

            4. [A] controversial [B] perplexing    [C] mischievous   [D] ambiguous

            5. [A] requirements  [B] explanations  [C] accounts  [D] assessments

            6. [A] conclude  [B] matter [C] indicate  [D] work

            7. [A] as far as [B] for fear that [C] in case that  [D] so long as

            8. [A] awareness [B] expectation   [C] sentiment [D] illusion

            9. [A] suitable  [B] excessive [C] enough [D] abundant

            10.    [A] about  [B] for    [C] on [D] by

            11.    [A] compared  [B] shown  [C] subjected [D] conveyed

            12.    [A] contrary to   [B] consistent with  [C] parallel with [D] peculiar to

            13.    [A] evidence  [B] guidance  [C] implication   [D] source

            14.    [A] disputable    [B] enlightening  [C] reliable  [D] misleading

            15.    [A] In contrast   [B] For example   [C] In consequence   [D] As usual

            16.    [A] duly   [B] accidentally  [C] unpredictably [D] suddenly

            17.    [A] failed [B] ceased [C] started   [D] continued

            20.    [A] breaking  [B] climbing  [C] surpassing    [D] hitting